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Centos6.3下haproxy+keepalived+apache配置笔记

showerlee 2013-08-17 02:17 Load balance 阅读 (5,741) 2条评论

keepalived个人简单理解就是实现一个虚IP在keepalived主从服务器之间切换的功能,当主的keeplived挂掉,从机会无缝接管该虚IP。

keepalived它作为一个辅助实现高可用性工具,一般都会配合某个具体服务工作,例如mysql,drbd,haproxy等,本篇介绍的就是haproxy,在前期做好keepalived配置后,做一个切换脚本,当haproxy挂掉后,脚本会立即执行keepalived关闭操作,从而让从机接管,该虚IP其实会和本机的物理IP做绑定,访问虚IP其实就可以理解为访问本机物理IP,该虚IP会在脚本被触发后切换到从机,而后访问虚IP也就是在访问从机物理IP,从而实现haproxy的高可用性。

这个实验模拟的功能其实就是利用haproxy实现apache服务器间的负载均衡,缓解并发压力,并保证haproxy-master若挂掉,haproxy-backup能无缝接管,实现WEB站点负载均衡+高可用性。保证客户端无缝获取网站资源。

解决方案:

系统环境:centos6.3

apache: httpd-2.4.4

haproxy: haproxy-1.4.8

keepalived:keepalived-1.2.7

haproxy VIP:                  192.168.7.70

haproxy-master(haproxy1):     192.168.7.71    ha1.example.com

haproxy-backup(haproxy2):     192.168.7.72    ha2.example.com

apache1:                      192.168.7.73    www1.example.com

apache2:                      192.168.7.74    www2.example.com

1

(haproxy1)为仅haproxy1配置

(haproxy2)为仅haproxy2配置

(haproxy1,haproxy2)为haproxy1和haproxy2都得配置

部署环境:

1.关闭iptables和SELINUX

# service iptables stop

# setenforce 0

# vi /etc/sysconfig/selinux

---------------

SELINUX=disabled

---------------

2.apache安装

配置详见传送门:http://www.showerlee.com/archives/6

注:haproxy+keepalived其实搭配nginx效果也不错,本人线上因为长期使用apache,所以这篇博文就以apache介绍为主。

安装完毕只需配置客户端浏览器访问根页面显示本机IP地址。

一.haproxy安装配置:(haproxy1,haproxy2)

# wget http://haproxy.1wt.eu/download/1.4/src/haproxy-1.4.8.tar.gz

# tar zxvf haproxy-1.4.8.tar.gz

# cd haproxy-1.4.8

# uname -a           //查看linux内核版本

# make TARGET=linux26 PREFIX=/usr/local/haproxy

# make install PREFIX=/usr/local/haproxy

# useradd -s /sbin/nologin haproxy

# passwd haproxy

# chown -R haproxy.haproxy /usr/local/haproxy

配置:

# vi /usr/local/haproxy/haproxy.cfg

-----------------

global

log 127.0.0.1 local0

maxconn 5120  

chroot /usr/local/haproxy  

user haproxy  

group haproxy  

daemon  

quiet  

nbproc  1  

pidfile /usr/local/haproxy/haproxy.pid

#启动服务后后会滚动日志,生产环境建议注释掉

debug  

defaults

log 127.0.0.1 local3  

mode http  

option httplog

option httpclose

option  dontlognull

#option  forwardfor  

option  redispatch

retries 2

maxconn 2000

balance source  

contimeout      5000  

clitimeout      50000  

srvtimeout      50000  

listen web_proxy :80

     server www1  192.168.7.73:80  weight 5 check inter 2000 rise 2 fall 5

     server www2  192.168.7.74:80  weight 5 check inter 2000 rise 2 fall 5

listen stats :8888  

mode http  

#transparent  

stats uri / haproxy-stats  

stats realm Haproxy \ statistic

#认证  

stats auth haproxy:password  

-----------------

启动haproxy

# /usr/local/haproxy/sbin/haproxy -f /usr/local/haproxy/haproxy.cfg &

注:这里加上“&”是为了让haproxy服务后台运行,去掉“&”可实时查看其滚动日志

日志:

------------------------

Available polling systems :

    sepoll : pref=400,  test result OK

     epoll : pref=300,  test result OK

      poll : pref=200,  test result OK

    select : pref=150,  test result OK

Total: 4 (4 usable), will use sepoll.

Using sepoll() as the polling mechanism.

00000000:web_proxy.accept(0004)=0007 from [192.168.7.129:5752]

00000000:web_proxy.clireq[0007:ffff]: GET / HTTP/1.1

00000000:web_proxy.clihdr[0007:ffff]: Accept: text/html, application/xhtml+xml, */*

00000000:web_proxy.clihdr[0007:ffff]: Accept-Language: zh-CN

00000000:web_proxy.clihdr[0007:ffff]: User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE

9.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/5.0)

00000000:web_proxy.clihdr[0007:ffff]: Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate

00000000:web_proxy.clihdr[0007:ffff]: Host: 192.168.7.71

00000000:web_proxy.clihdr[0007:ffff]: If-Modified-Since: Tue, 28 May 2013 18:22:10

GMT

00000000:web_proxy.clihdr[0007:ffff]: If-None-Match: "10-4ddcb57ecf1ee"

00000000:web_proxy.clihdr[0007:ffff]: Connection: Keep-Alive

00000000:web_proxy.srvrep[0007:0008]: HTTP/1.1 304 Not Modified

00000000:web_proxy.srvhdr[0007:0008]: Date: Tue, 28 May 2013 19:48:35 GMT

00000000:web_proxy.srvhdr[0007:0008]: Server: Apache/2.4.4 (Unix)

00000000:web_proxy.srvhdr[0007:0008]: Connection: close

00000000:web_proxy.srvhdr[0007:0008]: ETag: "10-4ddcb57ecf1ee"

00000000:web_proxy.srvcls[0007:0008]

00000000:web_proxy.clicls[0007:0008]

00000000:web_proxy.closed[0007:0008]

------------------------

查看是否启动

# ps -ef|grep haproxy

--------------------------

haproxy   2255     1  0 03:33 ?        00:00:00 /usr/local/haproxy/sbin/haproxy -f

/usr/local/haproxy/haproxy.cfg

root      2323  2291  0 03:56 pts/1    00:00:00 grep haproxy

--------------------------

重启haproxy

# pkill haproxy

# /usr/local/haproxy/sbin/haproxy -f /usr/local/haproxy/haproxy.cfg

其中:

haproxy代理:192.168.7.71:80

apache1:    192.168.7.73:80

apache2:    192.168.7.74:80

统计页面监听的端口:8888

访问页面:

http://192.168.7.71:8888/haproxy-stats

认证账号/密码:haproxy/password

2

总结:

    通过日志可以看出,客户端192.168.7.129连接haproxy192.168.7.71的80端口,且客户端无论如何刷新页面,haproxy都只会把访问请求跳转到apache2的192.168.7.74地址,这是因为balance source这个参数会保持会话ID,如果改成balance roundrobin模式,那么客户端会轮流连接两台web服务器,线上还是建议使用balance source,这样会保持某一客户端在长时间内保持他的会话,不会来回跳转。

    这里其实已经利用haproxy完成了对两台apache服务器的负载均衡功能,但如何保证负载均衡的高可用性,这里就得利用keepalived的热备功能,保证haproxy1如果挂掉,haproxy2能实时接管,实现网站前端负载均衡高可用,这也是我们目前比较流行的组合haproxy+keepalived。

二.keepalived安装配置:(haproxy1,haproxy2)

# wget http://www.keepalived.org/software/keepalived-1.2.7.tar.gz

# tar zxvf keepalived-1.2.7.tar.gz

# cd keepalived-1.2.7

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/keepalived --with-kernel-

dir=/usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-279.el6.x86_64

# make && make install

设置keepalived启动脚本

# cp /usr/local/keepalived/etc/rc.d/init.d/keepalived /etc/rc.d/init.d/

# cp /usr/local/keepalived/etc/sysconfig/keepalived /etc/sysconfig/

# mkdir /etc/keepalived

# cp /usr/local/keepalived/sbin/keepalived /usr/sbin/

# chkconfig keepalived on

(haproxy1)

# vi /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf

----------------------

! Configuration File for keepalived

global_defs {

router_id LVS_DEVEL

}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {

state MASTER

interface eth0

virtual_router_id 51

priority 150

advert_int 1

authentication {

auth_type PASS

auth_pass 1111

}

virtual_ipaddress {

192.168.7.70

}

}

----------------------

(haproxy2)

# vi /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf

----------------------

! Configuration File for keepalived

global_defs {

router_id LVS_DEVEL

}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {

state BACKUP

interface eth0

virtual_router_id 51

priority 120

advert_int 1

authentication {

auth_type PASS

auth_pass 1111

}

virtual_ipaddress {

192.168.7.70

}

}

----------------------

启动keepalived

# service keepalived start

# ps -ef |grep keepalived

----------------------

root      1726  1722  0 10:57 ?        00:00:00 sh /etc/keepalived/check_haproxy.sh

root      2678     1  0 11:15 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D

root      2680  2678  0 11:15 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D

root      2681  2678  0 11:15 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D

root      2691  2178  0 11:15 pts/1    00:00:00 grep keepalived

-----------------------

创建haproxy+keepalived脚本:

实现当haproxy挂掉后,能再次启动haproxy,若无法再次启动则彻底关闭keepalived将VIP交给

从机处理。

(haproxy1,haproxy2)

# vi /etc/keepalived/check_haproxy.sh

---------------------

#!/bin/bash

while :

do

hapid=`ps -C haproxy --no-header |wc -l`

  if [ $hapid -eq 0 ];then

  /usr/local/haproxy/sbin/haproxy -f /usr/local/haproxy/haproxy.cfg

  sleep 5

    if [ $hapid -eq 0 ];then

    /etc/init.d/keepalived stop

    fi

  fi

  sleep 5

done

--------------------

改执行权限

# chmod 755 /etc/keepalived/check_haproxy.sh

强制后台执行(关闭客户端连接也会继续运行)

# nohup sh /etc/keepalived/check_haproxy.sh

注;该脚本参考酒哥的"构建高可用LINUX服务器"一书,需在keepalived开机正常启动后,方可在主从机执行。

本人实测,不能将该脚本做开机启动,会导致开机将keepalived服务关闭,如想实现开机自动执行该脚本,估计要做脚本语句优化,这里有兴趣的朋友可以帮忙修改一下。

三.测试:

1.在两台机器上分别执行ip add,目前显示VIP在haproxy1上与本机网卡绑定

(haproxy1)

# ip add

-----------------------

eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen

1000

   link/ether 00:0c:29:d2:c6:75 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

   inet 192.168.7.71/24 brd 192.168.7.255 scope global eth0

   inet 192.168.7.70/32 scope global eth0

   inet6 fe80::20c:29ff:fed2:c675/64 scope link

      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

-----------------------

(haproxy2)

# ip add

-----------------------

eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen

1000

   link/ether 00:0c:29:ff:21:19 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

   inet 192.168.7.72/24 brd 192.168.7.255 scope global eth0

   inet6 fe80::20c:29ff:feff:2119/64 scope link

      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

-----------------------

在浏览器访问该虚IP:

http://192.168.7.70

返回如图:

3

证明,keepalived让haproxy1接管负载均衡,将页面跳转到apache2上

2.停掉haproxy1上的haproxy服务,5秒后keepalived会自动将其再次启动

(haproxy1)

# pkill haproxy

等5秒

# ps -ef |grep haproxy

--------------

root      1712  1708  0 01:17 ?        00:00:00 sh /etc/keepalived/check_haproxy.sh

haproxy   2440     1  0 01:29 ?        00:00:00 /usr/local/haproxy/sbin/haproxy -f

/usr/local/haproxy/haproxy.cfg

root      2443  1807  0 01:29 pts/1    00:00:00 grep haproxy

--------------

3.停掉主的keepalived,备机马上接管服务

(haproxy1)

# service keepalived stop

# uname -a

---------------

Linux ha1.example.com 2.6.32-279.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Jun 22 12:19:21 UTC 2012

x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

---------------

(haproxy2)

# ip add

eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen

1000

   link/ether 00:0c:29:ff:21:19 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

   inet 192.168.7.72/24 brd 192.168.7.255 scope global eth0

   inet 192.168.7.70/32 scope global eth0

   inet6 fe80::20c:29ff:feff:2119/64 scope link

      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

# uname -a

---------------

Linux ha2.example.com 2.6.32-279.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Jun 22 12:19:21 UTC 2012

x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

---------------

现已跳转到haproxy2,在浏览器再次访问该虚IP:

http://192.168.7.70

返回如图:

4

---------大功告成----------

正文部分到此结束
版权声明:除非注明,本文由(showerlee)原创,转载请保留文章出处!
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继续浏览:APACHEHAPROXYKEEPALIVED

2条大神的评论

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  1. 沙发
    pozhenzi2014年1月16日下午9:40 回复

    这个架构,在生产环境中,web服务器的数据怎么来实现同步?

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